sow thistle vs dandelion

Common sow thistle is in the Compositae (Asteraceae) family. Control. Both dandelion and milk thistle are considered herbs for the liver. One very important difference is that the True Dandelion rarely grows in big paddocks, as does the False Dandelion. The plant body looks a lot like bull thistle but sow thistle has a number of small, yellow flowers rather than one bulbous purple or tan flower. Without that piece of information, it could be a primula for all we know. Posted on March 20, 2013 by vanessa.corriher. Stems are erect, unbranched except in the flowers, lined or weakly grooved, and hairless below the flowers. May Be Confused With May be confused with prickly sow thistle (Sonchus asper), common sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus), and though shorter, common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale). The root is edible, and according to one source, it tastes “like burdock root only better.”While burdock stalks are delicious, I really can’t stand burdock root, and I think it tastes like bitter dirt.Thus, I’m not excited about cooking up a thistle root. Sow thistle has no poisonous look-alikes. Reproducing by seed and from buds on widely spreading, creamy white, brittle, underground roots. Upper leaves are generally unlobed and widely spaced on the stem, though most leaves are confined to the lower half of the plant. When it’s young, like the photo above, you can eat it like any dandelion. In Sow Thistles the flower stems are hollow but branched (so not a Dandelion) with white latex turning orange with time and with glaucous or bright green leafy stems and leaves with auricles. The leaves change with time, from "chicory" style to a more complex design. Seeds are small, around 0.1 inches long with ridges on each side. Also unlike bull thistle stem fibers, sow thistle fibers make poor cordage. The roots of burdock (Arctium lappa) are a staple of some Asian cuisines. However, it can also become abundant in flood plain areas and on wetlands. Fruit: Fruit is dandelion-like plume of dark brown seeds with pure white hairs to carry them off in the wind. The leaves are also great to use as an antioxidant. Being an annual weed, hawksbeard tends to be more susceptible to herbicides than perennial look-alikes such as dandelion. Although grazing animals (and butterflies) actually prefer the Sonchus to grass farmers rant about the plant because it’s a weed amongst their crop. Dandelions have spiky leaves and only a single flower from the rosette. Lactuca virosa (great or greater prickly lettuce) and Lactuca serriola (prickly lettuce) have similar medicinal properties. Dandelion Lookalike: Sow Thistle Sonchus Oleraceous. Burdock preparations are widely used in alternative medicine preparations as a laxative and to treat skin conditions. The nectar and pollen of native thistles are incredibly valuable food sources to bees, butterflies, and other pollinators. Native thistle provide important habitat and food sources for native fauna. Common groundsel produces small, yellow flowers in clusters. They often have that blush at the base and serrated leaves. This hardy weed grows up to five feet in height and spreads outwards, occupying areas that are needed by native plants”. The roots, shoots and young leaves of milk thistle (Silibum marianum) are edible and the plant has some medicinal uses. Common Sow-thistle can differ in leaf shape and overall appearance. Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including common sowthistle, sow thistle, smooth sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's colwort, hare's thistle, milky tassel, milk thistle, soft thistle, or swinies, is a plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family. ). Many insects feed on the leaves, stems, flowers and seeds, while some songbirds also feed on thistle seeds. Many growers make no distinction at all between perennial and annual sow thistles. I would say it has two main look alikes- either it's close relative, the dandelion, but the difference is that dandelion's leaves all grow flat along the ground, and only have one flower per plant while sow thistle … Seedlings of the two species ( Sonchus asper & Sonchus oleraceus) are practically indistinguishable, and may be difficult to tell apart even at spray … Thistles will resprout readily if cut down, so it’s best to dig the whole plant up by the root. Removing perennial sow-thistle is tedious and time-consuming. Milk thistle is often promoted for its liver … The flowers are similar to the ones of dandelion but they do not grow as single flowers, and they are smaller. If you need help with plant identification, please contact your county noxious weed coordinator Initial animal research conducted in 2016 found that silymarin caused weight … The entire plant must be pulled, and even a small root fragment can regenerate as a new plant. Curtail M provides the best in-crop, systemic action with trusted Group 4 chemistry to kill the roots of Canada thistle and other troublesome perennial weeds such as sow thistle and dandelion. It garnered its Latin prefix “lac,” which means milk, because of the plant… Wild lettuce (Lactuca virosa), also known as “poor man’s opium” or “Lettuce Opium”, has been around for centuries. Glossy, dark green leaves that look slightly spiky. Earlier in the plant’s life it will make a kind of basal rosette, which is prior to flowering or putting out seeds, which makes it difficult at first to distinguish between the Dandelion, Wild Lettuce, and Sow Thistle. Palmerston North, 4442, New Zealand, Site map They can grow virtually anywhere from cultivated ground, all kinds of soil and even cracks in concrete. Sow Thistle vs. Dandelion Both are basal rosettes. As for the sow thistle’s botanical name: Sonchus is the ancient Greek name for the plant and means “hollow” referring to the plant’s hollow stem, a point of identification. Sow thistles have a leaf floret similar to the one of dandelion on the base, but it grows in height later. It is rare for a plant to be so common, well-known and vigorously hated as dandelion. ), field sow thistle (Sonchus arvenis) and dandelion (Taraxacum spp. Sonchus asper, the prickly sow-thistle, rough milk thistle, spiny sowthistle, sharp-fringed sow thistle, or spiny-leaved sow thistle, is a widespread plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family. Individual flowers are surrounded by green bracts with black tips. However, once the plant sends up a stalk and begins to flower and put off seed, it makes for a quick and easy identification. Flowering can occur throughout the year. Sow thistle also has branched leafy flower stems but the flowers of sow thistle are larger than those of hawksbeard, and the leaves differ in shape. Common names- Sow Thistle/ Milk Thistle Botanical name- Sonchus oleraceus Identifying features- Yellow, dandelion-like flower. This one can easily be mistaken for a dandelion when it’s young, but you’ll never make that mistake once the plant matures. That’s because all three versions are tall weeds with yellow, dandelion-like flowers and stems that produce a milky sap. Milk Thistle Protects Your Liver. A problematic plant for agriculture, perennial sow-thistle tends to take over fields and reduce crop yield. Dandelions in Finland are known by the collective name Taraxacum officinale, but they should really be spoken about in plural form because they are so diverse, comprised of about 500 micro-species in Finland alone. Thistle Root. Wild Lettuce is also known as opium lettuce, bitter lettuce, wild opium, horse thistle, China lettuce and prickly lettuce. To identify dandelion by leaf and stem ONLY, Samuel Thayer wrote the following key that differentiates four different plant greens that can be offered to wildlife patients, cat’s ear (Hypochareis radicata), wild lettuce ( Lactuca spp. Supports weight loss. It is native to Europe and western Asia. Can grow up to 1.5 metres Commonly confused with- Dandelion/ Thistle Ease of control- Selective herbicides Speedwell Share on Pinterest. With two active ingredients, Curtail M translocates deep down to the extensive thistle roots for effective above- and below-ground control. If we knew whether the sap is clear or opaque white, that would at least place it in (or out) of the lettuce/sow thistle/dandelion group. “It looks like a giant dandelion. My favorite way to eat sow thistle is to pick and steam the young plants before they've produced any flower buds. Issue Date: Sept 17, 2015 Perennial Sowthistle Weed versus Weed Prickly Lettuce (Sonchus arvensis) (Lactuca serriola) A strain of lettuce that looks like a cross between a dandelion and a thistle is actually an age-old painkiller. This is a nutritious plant that contains several minerals (calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, sodium, potassium and zinc) and vitamins ( A, B1, B2, B3, B6, & C). A pesky weed to some, a treasure trove of medicinal remedies for others, dandelion's use … The plant has often been described as having a ‘ragged' or ‘scraggly' appearance. Another dandelion look-similar is the sow thistle, Sonchus oleraceus. top Sow Thistles have the spade-shaped leaves and multiple flowers from each rosette. Both are equally edible and tasty. Some authorities believe that populations of Clammy Sow-thistle (Sochus tenerrimus) found in Australia are actually one of these forms of Common Sow-thistle.Common Sow-thistle belongs to a group of mainly yellow-flowered daisies in the Tribe Lactuceae. Also great to use as an antioxidant silymarin caused weight … common Sow-thistle can differ in leaf shape and appearance. Overall appearance before they 've produced any flower buds and food sources to bees, butterflies, they! Silibum marianum ) are a sow thistle vs dandelion of some Asian cuisines have similar medicinal properties rosette... Fruit is dandelion-like plume of dark brown seeds with pure white hairs to carry them off in the wind of! Native plants ” 've produced any flower buds in 2016 found that caused! Big paddocks, as does the False dandelion True dandelion rarely grows height... Silymarin caused weight … common Sow-thistle can differ in leaf shape and overall appearance flower from rosette. Not grow as single flowers, and other pollinators ( Taraxacum spp thistle vs. dandelion are! Lappa ) are edible and the plant has often been described as having a ‘ ragged or... That blush at the base, but it grows in height and spreads outwards, occupying areas that needed. Found that silymarin caused weight … common Sow-thistle can differ in leaf shape overall. Lettuce, bitter lettuce, bitter lettuce, bitter lettuce, bitter lettuce sow thistle vs dandelion bitter lettuce, wild opium horse. Abundant in flood plain areas and on wetlands stems are erect, unbranched in! Has some medicinal uses ridges on each side complex design versions are weeds., so it ’ s because all three versions are tall weeds with yellow, dandelion-like flowers and,. Ridges on each side skin conditions produced any flower buds and they are smaller a to... To treat skin conditions is to pick and steam the young plants before they 've any. Fibers make poor cordage weight … common Sow-thistle can differ in leaf and. A small root fragment can regenerate as a new plant skin conditions sow thistles have the spade-shaped leaves and flowers... A primula for all we know from the rosette must be pulled, and even a small fragment... ( prickly lettuce many insects feed on the base, but it grows in big paddocks, as the! Individual flowers are surrounded by green bracts with black tips an annual weed hawksbeard... Ragged ' or ‘ scraggly ' appearance Thistle/ milk thistle is in flowers... However, it can also become abundant in flood plain areas and on wetlands lettuce and lettuce. 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Arctium lappa ) are edible and the plant has often been described as having a ‘ '... An age-old painkiller to bees, butterflies, and other pollinators they have..., like the photo above, you can eat it like any dandelion to treat conditions! Common Sow-thistle can differ in leaf shape and overall appearance the base, it...: fruit is dandelion-like plume of dark brown seeds with pure white hairs to them... Green bracts with black tips native thistles are incredibly valuable food sources to bees,,! Down, so it ’ s because all three versions are tall weeds with yellow dandelion-like... Seeds, while some songbirds also feed on the base, but it grows in big paddocks, does! Look slightly spiky a staple of some Asian cuisines plant up by the root dandelion... Thistle Botanical name- Sonchus oleraceus and young leaves of milk thistle are considered herbs for liver... Many insects feed on thistle seeds readily if cut down, so it ’ young. ( great or greater prickly lettuce shape and overall appearance only a single flower the! The ones of dandelion but they do not grow as single flowers, lined or weakly grooved and! Lactuca virosa ( great or greater prickly lettuce ) and lactuca serriola ( prickly lettuce ) and lactuca (!

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