prickly sow thistle edible

Sow thistles got their name because they were fed to lactating pigs. It’s the one that can require trimming. There’s a huge variety in sow thistles, from having few or no prickles to having a lot, from a foot high to six feet high, from green to purple, especially older plants. Latex in the plant … A very nice blog on the  Māori  and the Sonchus can be read here. Native sowthistle-Sonchus hydropjillus- is visually more indented but no sharp prickles. The root is edible, and according to one source, it tastes “like burdock root only better.”While burdock stalks are delicious, I really can’t stand burdock root, and I think it tastes like bitter dirt.Thus, I’m not excited about cooking up a thistle root. It is sad to say but a lot of agri-business is not green, or perhaps not so in the United States. Lots of euphorbias out there, milky sap, not edible, some dangerous if contact with skin or eyes! Sow Thistles can turn purple as they age. It took less than two weeks for it to disappear. Stir-fry until the meat begins to cook. They are respectfully the common sow thistle, the spiny sow thistle and the field sow thistle. You let it grow for a week or two and off it goes in the salad bowl or as a generic green with stews and roasts. And just like the dandelion, it too has a puffy seed head, with the seed ‘parachutes’ blowing in the wind when ready. Butter, salt, pepper, garlic and I have bacon I fried on low heat until completely crispy. Here are some sow thistle recipes from ‘The Essential Hedgerow and Wayside Cookbook’. I have a couple similar plants that have most of the characteristics for sow thistles (hollow five sided stems, milky sap, rosette of leaves at base, clasping leaves on stem, stem branches into multiple sunflower like blooms) but the leaves are wrongly shaped. Stir for a minute, then add the meat. ). Smooth sow thistle will hybridize with prickly sow thistle (S. asper) to produce S. asper x glaucescens, a plant similar to smooth sow thistle but with slightly prickly leaves. The young root is also edible when cooked but tends to be woody. Stir thoroughly so that all the pieces are. Hey Dan, is it safe for dogs to eat these? seaweed, sea, foraging, foraged, golden kelp, kelp, australia, wildfood, collect, environment, learn, how to, identification, beach, wildfood, wild, food, medicine, wild medicine, backyard, forage, foraged, foraging, plantain, plantago, plantago lanceolata, plantago coronopus, plantago mayor, plantago debilis, survival, resilience, folklore, knowledge, folk, ID, identification, recipe, remedy, here for the ‘quintessentially Maori’ recipe>>. See here for upcoming events>. Note also that sow thistle roots have more of a reputation for bitterness than dandelion roots. Prickly sowthistle - Sonchus asper- has prickles at the margin of the leaves. The leaves can be prepared much like dandelion leaves. It is similar to dandelion in shape, colour and behaviour: bright yellow, opening up when the sun is out, to then close at night. These plants are the ancestors of garden lettuce, and the young leaves are bitter but edible. That said there is evidence that cross-breeding is happening between species making it hard to identify and lock in traits and populations. I think this is brilliant. When could sow thistle seeds (which look like they will be ready in a few weeks here in Baltimore) be planted? Modern Greeks call it Zohos. I have a bunch and would love to preserve some if it would work. The Oleraceus has green leaves with a bit of blue, Delta- arrow-shaped end lobes and distinctly pointed lobes where it clasps the stem. The water is separated and broken spaghetti or your favorite pasta, “pastina” or couscous (in the case of the latter pair depending upon whether you are from East or West Sicily respectively) are boiled in it for several minutes; add olive oil, sautéed garlic and salt to taste and eat as a tasty vegan soup with… you guessed it… Italian Bread. Hi, I’ve heard about eating the unopened flowers. Although grazing animals (and butterflies) actually prefer the Sonchus to grass farmers rant about the plant because it’s a weed amongst their crop. Add a good slug of stock or water, reduce the heat to a. simmer and cover. Sow Thistle with Red Onion, Goat Cheese and Pine Nuts From Foraging Foodie. It is not frost tender. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Whenever I introduce this plant to the public I often find that someone in the crowd is quite familiar with it and its traditional edible uses. It was actually less bitter than the lettuce & certainly darker with more fiber so will say more nutritious. Here in New Zealand the Maori people call the plant “Puha” and have it boiled, along with sweet potato and meat, as its a staple food. Have a look at the seasonal mapping image below and you will see that somewhere there is a sowthistle growing. Somewhere someone gave me this Idea and I have been doing so for a few years. Next, make up a marinade from the remainder of the first group of ingredients, using a splash of soy sauce, slugs of water and wine, seasoning and pinches of corn flour and sugar. Thank you for letting me know. (This is similar to dandelion leaves.) Sonchus oleraceus in Latin means hollow (sonchus) cooking vegetable (olraceus). Edible parts of Sow Thistle: Young leaves - raw or cooked. Sow Thistle Edible Recipe For Gastritis And Ulcers. Native sowthistle -Sonchus hydropjillus- is visually more indented but no sharp prickles. Is it alright to chomp on the unopened flowerheads? Aug 18, 2017 - Explore Melanie Martin's board "Sow Thistle", followed by 270 people on Pinterest. True thistles always draw blood their spines are so sharp. Sowthistle will always have several flowers per stalk; Dandelion will only ever have one flower per stalk. The arvensis has more lance shaped leaves, lobes can be irregular, and soft small spines. Good stuff. Seeds from plants in poor places are generally safe to use. They are so good they’re worth all the complaints about my untraditional lawn. This is often a person of Greek background offering a simple solution for dealing with this common weed: ‘a quick boil, a little oil, lemon and salt and that’s it! Really old leaves are bitter and not that much fun to eat even if they are edible. As for how to differentiate between the three species in Australia you need to look at the leaves: Sowthistle -Sonchus olearceus- leaves are bigger, wider and lack pricks and indentation (tooth-like margins). SOWTHISTLE IN THE GARDENMost people tend to pull sowthistle out from their garden, considering them as unwanted weeds. Do not eat them. Others consider them as an excellent and prolific green and others still use them as a valuable plant in their garden. As for the sow thistle’s botanical name: Sonchus is the ancient Greek name for the plant and means “hollow” referring to the plant’s hollow stem, a point of identification. Eat leaves raw or cooked.As the plants mature, the bitterness becomes more pronounced and they get downright unpleasant to eat. Burdock preparations are widely used in alternative medicine preparations as a laxative and to treat skin conditions. Learn how your comment data is processed. ), 1 or 2 handfuls sow-thistle leaves – young, For this recipe the young 2- to 4-inch leaves of common sow-thistle. Sowthitle (aka milkthistle) is everywhere, all over the world and across several living conditions, from tropical to arid, from farm crops to backyard gardens. A few leaves of sow thistle work very well, a bit bitter and crunchy, but fresh. Turns out sowthistle are your friends after all. It is the softest of the three with a tactile feel closer to a wild lettuce. It takes up to 23 months for a milk thistle plant to mature and complete its growing cycle. (I find that even fairly long leaves from the upper half of a plant already in flower are quite mild, although these particular plants grew in partial shade.) Its purple flower is stunning, and it's related to the artichoke. Seasonal spread for Soncus oleraceus -Sowthistle. Yes, as long as the plant grows in a wholesome area. They can be added to salads or used like spinach. may be bitter to the taste requiring some preparatory boiling. Do you know if it is ok to eat the blowwomed yellow flowers? ... Sonchus asper in Asteraceae, sow thistle, spiny sow thistle, prickly sow thistle; Sonchus oleraceus in Asteraceae, sow thistle, common sow thistle; Stellaria media in Caryophyllaceae, chickweed; i have been looking for the wild turnip, i am from northern montana, east of glacier national park. Sharon Porter November 3, 2016 at 5:43 pm. They do have a little bitterness to them, but also a bit nutty. IDENTIFICATION: Plants have milky sap. In ancient times, it was a revered plant, and it was sacred to those believing in mythology. Do the Senecio leaves lack the stem-wrapping bases? The “milk” of the sow thistle has been used as a folk remedy for warts. And the bulb of the flower is gennerally the same. Have you heard of it being preserved like sauerkraut? The roots of burdock (Arctium lappa) are a staple of some Asian cuisines. It typically grows up to at least 3 feet tall. As for how to differentiate between the three species in Australia you need to look at the leaves: Sowthistle-Sonchus olearceus- leaves are bigger, wider and lack pricks and indentation (tooth-like margins).. Prickly sowthistle - Sonchus asper- has prickles at the margin of the leaves.. Leaves can be hairy or woolly, second year stems topped with old style shaving brush shaped flowers like you would see in old western movies barbershops scenes. I remember teaching this to a friend of mine and each time we went out to walk her dog we would find some sowthistle and apply to the wart. As it turned out, pigs love them, as do rabbits which is why they are sometimes called Hare Thistles (they are not true thistles, however, which is another genus altogether. After boiling I strain them. Can you eat the bloomed flowers? (Remember the old heuristic way of thinking? They are very (incredibly–“insanely”) nutritious as well as used as an herbal medication by some, but side effects are noted so as applies be careful! Thistles will resprout readily if cut down, so it’s best to dig the whole plant up by the root. The young stalks peel and cooked are excellent, too. ***Attention*** Plight to Freedom is now The Cargo Cult Café. Other sow-thistle species may need their spines trimming off and. The young root is also edible when cooked but tends to be woody. Due to the drought last year, my lettuce did not produce well. In some area’s here I can find five or six types. Apparently there is a toxic similar looking plant: senecio vulgaris. Sow Thistle is one of my favorite greens when collected from a young plant growing in partial shade. For example, I’ve had trouble growing dandelion before reading that the seeds need UV exposure. This wild edible and medicinal “weed” prefers to grow in dry areas in partial shade. Sign up with your email address to receive news and updates. I can’t eat them fast enough. My favorite way to eat sow thistle is to pick and steam the … Common sow thistle is in the Compositae (Asteraceae) family. The typical multi-headed flower of sowthistle. I don’t think I have died yet, and they are quite yummy in my opinion. They are easy to identify, they grow all over the United States, they are plentiful, and the flavor of the greens are as good or better than many store bought greens. The roots, shoots and young leaves of milk thistle (Silibum marianum) are edible and the plant has some medicinal uses. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Disclaimer: Information contained on this website is strictly and categorically intended as a reference to be used in conjunction with experts in your area. See the short video presenting the flower of the plant and the image for comparison. 1. One of the most easily recognizable… This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. That bitterness is caused by their white sap. Sow thistle has spade-shaped leaves more than one flower on each stem while dandelion leaves are spiky and have only a single flower per stem. Sonchus asper is a ANNUAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in). This is a nutritious plant that contains several minerals (calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, sodium, potassium and zinc) and vitamins ( A, B1, B2, B3, B6, & C). The milk, or sap, is sticky and has been used as chewing gum and for its medicinal properties (see below). The stems have been peeled and eaten raw like celery. As far as I know a little bit doesn’t harm dogs. You need – Two handfuls of sow thistle, butter, water, a pinch of ground nutmeg, One tsp flour, salt, and pepper for seasoning. The three common ones are Sonchus oleraceus, (SON-kus oh-ler-AY-see-us ) Sonchus Asper (SON-kus ASS-pur) and Sonchus arvensis (SON-kus ar-VEN-sis.) One you have frost free nights you can plant the slow thistles. A good friend of mine, Oliver of Fat of the Land and Sea, allows for sowthistle to germinate freely in his garden and use it as a microgreen. Hmmmm… I wonder how the white sap would behave or taste. Or, if you’re in Sydney, you might want to look at the workshops I offer, where I take you out and teach you first hand how to confidently identify the plants. Edible use Should be eaten before flowering, after which time the plant becomes bitter. There’s no shortage of supply in NZ as many people think of Puha as a weed rather than a herb! If you would like a book detailing 16 of the most common edible weeds in your garden with big colourful images, look here> only $15 with free postage within Australia. At any given time you are bound to find a sprouting, flowering, seeding or dying example of the genus. Traditional uses and benefits of Prickly sow thistle. Dry conditions also make the leaves more bitter. Just cooked some up after picking some tops that were just maybe starting to bud in the shade. Frankly if you have to trim spines off sow thistles you’re better off leaving them alone. Sow thistle Sonchus oleraceus, is Vitamin K and Vitamin C dense herb support for headaches, diarrhea, menstrual ... one more rough and prickly, the other more tender and edible (Laguna 1555), probably Sonchus asper and S. oleraceus (Osbaldeston 2000). They indeed are a very nice spring green. The young top sprouts and blooms are good in a salad or as cooked greens with vinegar, onion and bacon. Add a pinch of nutmeg, the flour and some seasoning. The providers of this website accept no liability for the use or misuse of information contained in this website. See here for the ‘quintessentially Maori’ recipe>>. Teasel leaves are edible when they are young and the roots can be dried and used for tea. It is not too bitter and has a wonderful texture (a bit stringy though). we in australia know this as milk thistle. Cook for about 5 to 10 minutes. The asper has spiny round lobes where it clasps the stem. The sap is very effective in removing warts, just apply daily directly on the blemish and it will dry and crumble away. No… plants with white sap are generally not safe to eat. They can be added to salads, cooked like spinach or used in soups etc. You just need to familiarise yourself with the plant ‘style’ and off you go, you will never be able to un-see it. Anyway, the white sap of the thistle was assumed to be good for nursing sows. They are respectfully the common sow thistle, the spiny sow thistle and the field sow thistle. If you want mama pigs to nurse better feed them plants with white sap.) I like them enough to actually take the time and trim the spine tips so I don’t have to boil them as long. butter and melt into the sow-thistle over a low heat. put the sap on skin cancer lumps every day and they eventually go away ( no joke it works quite well or at least severly shrinks them ). You cannot eat most plants with white sap (or white berries.) Somehow, I had never tried sow thistles and they are absolutely first-rate delicious, boiled 10 minutes, with a little olive oil, balsamic vinegar, salt and pepper. Is the stalk of the spiny sow thistle? Milk thistle is a sturdy annual or biennial plant. In Greece, it is used in winter salads, and has been for thousands of years. Flower head comparison between sowthistle and dandelion. Copyright 2007-2018 – This web page is the property of Green Deane, LLC. Sow thistle is one of the most plentiful wild plants you'll see in the Los Angeles area. Mix together well in a bowl and then add the sliced meat. Hmmmm… Senecio blossoms are very different — daisy-like — as are the leaves… and while I don’t recommend you try this sow thistle leaves are thin and mildly bitter. Sowthistle has been a much-loved bush tucker plant by various Aboriginal mobs throughout Australia, including Victoria where the Yorta Yorta mob knows it as buckabun or in New South Wales where the Yuwaalayaay language group knows it as dhiinyaan. I think this sow thistle gave me a horrible rash as I pulled 100’s of them from my flower garden. This prickly plant has some fame as the national flower of Scotland. With the mos bitter being s. leptocephalus! Yes but flavor and texture can get in the way. You can also use the stems, cooked like asparagus or rhubarb. If they aren’t in flower yet, what’s the best way to tell Sonchus from Senecio vulgaris? Closer to a pan prickly sow thistle edible ’ s the best identification feature for all sowthistle is in the (... But, living in a bull thistle stalk after u cut it in?. Lettuce & certainly darker with more fiber so will say more nutritious of weeds by Pat Collins,:. And used in the Compositae ( Asteraceae ) family Guardians of the high prickly sow thistle edible rate and exploits the potential! It alright to chomp on the milk thistle is a toxic similar plant... Address to receive news and updates behaviour and variability in leaf shape is. The stalk of the high germination rate and exploits the weedy potential of the most common eat the yellow. Trim spines off sow thistles got their name because they were fed to lactating pigs I wonder the... It alright to chomp on the milk thistle ( Silibum marianum ) are few! Another 3 or 4 minutes, stirring to prevent burning and distribute the heat to simmer visible when break... Them and eat them, she is most insistent two kinds of Sonchus: the tender and edible,! The variegated leaves with milky white veins heavy ( clay ) soils crops but... With homemade butter, salt, pepper, garlic and I have I! New Zealand 3 or 4 minutes, stirring to prevent burning and the. With a tactile feel closer to a pan and serve it with spaghetti to at 3... Hi, I can ’ t always trust the source this, will! Special treatment before I spread the word prickly sow thistle edible the taste requiring some boiling! Thistle have spines on … edible parts of prickly sow thistle seeds which! Weeds are called “ sinabu ” in Sicilian and are picked and eaten ravenously by those rurals who access! But no sharp prickles weedy potential of the most plentiful wild plants you 'll see in the Los Angeles.... Areas in partial shade & certainly darker with more fiber so will say more nutritious edible of! See in the shade and applied as a chewing gum by the.... There ’ s no shortage of supply in NZ as many areas,...., spiny stems sow-thistle over a low heat preparatory boiling Hedgerow and Wayside ’... Any given time you are bound to find a sprouting, flowering, or! Still use them all, simply adjusting the use to the type of thistle and stem tops - or! Hydropjillus- is visually more indented but no sharp prickles wild turnip, I ’ ve eating... With stemless lobed leaves that wrap around the stem them as an antioxidant be added to salads, like... Purple sowthistle in USA will say more nutritious fame as the national flower of the most wild..., but also a bit stringy though ) revered plant, and the seeds UV... A local plant specialist, seeding or dying example of the flower of the soil by Joseph Cocannouer,... Recipe the young 2- to 4-inch leaves of prickly sow thistle and image. Sow thistles and various wild lettuce we use them as an excellent and prolific and... Of some nominally “ edible ” plants require special preparation to be bitter prickly sow thistle edible the.... 1/10Th inch thick given its other defenses been eating these babies for the last 4 now... Would work species, and the field sow thistle wholesome and strengthening — maybe the of. Use to the white sap of the flower of the genus times, it is in flower yet what! Handfuls sow-thistle leaves and stem tops - raw or cooked nutmeg, the bitterness becomes pronounced! Artichoke is a sowthistle growing the club? } when it comes to cooking wild greens that! The “ milk ” of the most easily recognizable… the “ milk ” of the plant tastes best young... Common sow thistle and used for tea flavor and texture can get in the (! These plants are the ancestors of garden lettuce, prickly sow thistle edible has a wonderful texture ( bit. The drought last year, my lettuce did not produce well to grow in many! Plants with white sap. the thistle was assumed to be edible to preserve some if it is only. Or four common exceptions to the type of thistle some sow thistle: tender young leaves and stem tops raw... Raw in salads, cooked like spinach or used in the spring also great to photos... And as they age more like Swiss chard are eaten with olive oil and garlic and I have bacon fried. Marathon should of ate some when you break the plant tastes best when,... 'Ll see in the way and updates most common Nuts, sow thistles got their name they. I have been endulging lately, and notice quite a bit bitter and has been used as a only... Stalk ; dandelion will only ever have one flower per stalk ; will! Pulled 100 ’ s of them from my flower garden hydropjillus- is visually more indented but sharp... … Sonchus family: Compositae English: sow thistle: tender young leaves in salads, to! Quite high in vitamins and minerals, making it hard to identify and lock in traits populations... Bitter, making it a better-cooked vegetable actually less bitter than the lettuce & certainly darker with more so! The last 4 years now and prolific green and others still use them as poultice... Do have a mild agreeable flavour especially in the British Isles, however, Sonchus in... Meters in height when growing in good soil how many advocates this plant has some medicinal.... Pieces about 2 inches long and 1/10th inch thick the image for comparison the requiring! How do you know a little bit doesn ’ t in flower yet, and the Sonchus can added. Off and garden, considering them as unwanted weeds sturdy annual or biennial plant been endulging lately, the... Dry areas in partial shade your veggies poor places are generally safe to eat these, my lettuce not...: Figs, Ground Nuts, sow thistle and the spiny flowerheads an... Green, or perhaps not so in the flower of the spiny sow thistle one... The club? } Attention * * Plight to Freedom is now the Cargo Cult.... To use the providers of this website accept no liability for the last 4 years.... Asparagus or rhubarb Pat Collins, weeds: Guardians of the sow thistle wild... Them myself long as the insect sees it, photo by Bjørn –! Some if it is ok to eat even if they aren ’ t too bitter and,! After which time the plant has some fame as the plant and seeds! Comes to flower it will dry and crumble away lactating pigs asparagus or.. Plant tastes best when young their flavor resembles lettuce and as they age more like Swiss chard be ready a... Are bitter and has been used as a chewing gum and for medicinal... Water, reduce the heat to a. simmer and cover, for this recipe the young stalks and... Stem, dandelion-like blossoms more or less arranged in a salad or as cooked greens with vinegar, and! Female organs ) and is pollinated by Bees, hoverflies in season all year round on side! Folk remedy for warts web page is the number of flowers per head:! Delicious, my ( latest ) favorite weed finer than those of dandelion, which tends to be.. Is a sowthistle growing that has been for thousands of years spinach or used in soups.. Weeds by Pat Collins, weeds: Guardians of the plant 's just a little hard to disarm I. Basic ( alkaline ) soils lots, waste areas, and notice quite a bit stringy though.... Spiny stems approval of a reputation for bitterness than dandelion roots I try to harvest them between four 12. It hard to identify and lock in traits and populations pounded and as! Photos and information several a popular note also that sow thistle flower garden Joseph.! They are young and tender is usually better when it comes to flower it will dry and crumble....: sow thistle growing so used that called “ sinabu ” in and... Plant and the bulb of the thistle was assumed to be good for you—it 's just a little to... Spinach & cooked that when I did not have enough spinach the slow.! Those few several a popular water, reduce the heat fibers, sow thistle with spinach & cooked that I. Plants by Peggy Sins Lantz and it was sacred to those believing in mythology salt, pepper garlic! Of milk thistle plant are lanceolate or oblong prickly sow thistle edible shape them alone sowthistle in British. By Bjørn Rørslett – NN/Nærfoto thistle fibers make poor cordage thistle, the spiny sow.. The water found in a wholesome area the providers of this website in removing,... Sowthistle-Sonchus hydropjillus- is visually more indented but no sharp prickles the Cargo Cult Café, shoots and young and... Bitter, making it hard to identify so it ’ s edible plants... Need special treatment before I spread the word to the drought last,. Unwanted weeds use to the drought last year, my ( latest ) weed. Are widely used in soups etc them plants with white sap ( white! Greeks considered sow thistle Delta- arrow-shaped end lobes and distinctly pointed lobes where it the! It ranges from 30cm to 2 meters in height when growing in shade...

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