history of tea timeline

Use this popup to embed a mailing list sign up form. Coffee-rust fungus destroyed most of the coffee plants in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka): this led to the establishment of the tea industry there. The Origin of Tea - Some 5,000 years ago the “tea leaf” was discovered … a beautiful gift from nature that nurtured both the body and soul. The Japanese Shogun Ashikaga-Yoshimasa builds the first tearoom at his palace in Kyoto. Ceylon’s coffee industry is devastated by a coffee blight. Map: The spread of the word for “tea” across the world. And those people of Cathay do say if in our part of the world, in Persia, and the country of the Franks, people only knew of it, there is no doubt that the merchants would cease altogether to buy rhubarb.”. Elizabeth I founded the John Foundation, with the intention of promoting trade with Asia. Mongolia takes over China and since the Emperor of Mongol isn't a "tea guy," tea drinking dies down in the courts and among the aristocracy. For 50 years, India is unsuccessful. He was a scholar, the father of agriculture and the inventor of Chinese herbal medicine. “Surely a pretty woman never looks prettier than when making tea.” - Mary Elizabeth Braddon, Lady Audley's Secret (1862). Tea is so much a part of everyday life in Britain that we might never stop to think about how a unique plant from faraway China became the nation´s favourite drink. Dutch East India Company market tea. This new company had a complete monopoly on all trade and commerce in India and China. They begin to trade opium, (which they could grow cheaply in India) with the Chinese for tea. Teahouses in garden settings pop up around China. Tea is reportedly first discovered in China in 2737 BC by the mythical second emperor, Shen Nung, known as the Divine Healer, when leaves of the Camellia sinensis plant … Revolution Tea is founded on the idea of bringing premium, full-leaf teas to consumers. The English East India Company brings the gift of tea to the British king and queen. “Initially there were lots of complaints about this ration, but over time, most Australians coped by just drinking weaker brews,” Peter said, adding that not all Australians coped well. China, India and Kenya are the top 3 tea producing countries. The tea story started in China around 2750 BC. History of tea in China History of tea in Europe History of tea in India History of tea in Japan Tea timeline While, it was said that tea was discovered by accident. Zen Buddhism catches on in Japan via China and along come tea-drinking temple rituals. Strange as it may seem, the story of Ceylon Tea begins with coffee. While tea has an impressive history stretching back 5,000 years, iced tea has a history stretching back only as far as the discovery of preserving ice. The British are ecstatic as this means that they are now able to successfully grow their own tea, in India. An early credible record of tea drinking dates to the 3rd century AD, in a medical text written by Hua Tuo. By this time Lyon’s has over 250 tea shops, and taking tea, as meal away from home becomes a pert of daily life. Thomas J Lipton Co. is established as a tea packing company with its headquarters and factory in Hoboken, New Jersey. Scottish grocer Thomas Lipton buys numerous tea plantations in Ceylon, goes on to revolutionize tea production, and introduces Lipton brand tea, using orange pekoe and pekoe leaves, with the slogan: “Direct from the tea gardens to the teapot”. Please take a look and let us know what you think. The first Russians to be recorded as tasting tea were Ivan Petrov and Vasili Tumenets, Cossacks, dispatched by Tsar Michael the 1st as envoys to create trade with China. Benjamin Ginsberg, Russian immigrant to Southern Africa became interested in Roobois and started its commercial development. Tea plays a vital role in Chinese life since ancient times. So, in an attempt to summarize two millennia of tea-based history a colleague of mine and I have put together a timeline of major events from the supposed original cuppa to the state of the British tea industry today – with not a little violence, greed, and fury thrown in for good measure. The debate over tea's health benefits versus detriments heightens when a Dutch doctor praises its curative side while French and German doctors call out its harmful side. Among the higher classes, tea was the only item customarily made in the dining room or drawing room by the In a marketing effort to capitalize on the transcontinental rail link fervor, the Great American Tea Company is renamed the Great Atlantic and Pacific Tea Company. The second emperor of China, Shen Nung, discovers tea when tea leaves blow into his cup of hot water (or so the story goes). The Dutch procure tea and Chinese clay teapots from Portuguese traders in Macao, and establish a trading relationship with the Japanese. Jacobsen), who smuggled both the seeds and teamen out of China. Drinking powdered and frothed tea or tea scented with flowers is widespread in China while earlier flavorings fall by the wayside. The first tea plants, imports from China and India, are cultivated on a trial basis in Sri Lanka (Ceylon). The commercialization of tea in the late 1880’s would afford no time to be romantic about the leaf, and so, a timely discovery of the “tea bag” was praised by many. “There wa… British Prime Minister Robert Walpole reduces British import taxes on tea. It first became known to western civilization through Portuguese priests and merchants in China during the early 16th century. The Adulteration of Food, Drink, and Drugs Act deems the sale of adulterated drugs or other unlabeled mixtures with foreign additives that increase weight as punishable offenses. Chinese tea drinking is on the rise, as are elegant teahouses and teacups carefully crafted from porcelain and pottery. Across the globe, people have come to rely on their daily cuppa and the jolt of joy that comes with it. England begins to trade directly with China. Second  Opium War, resulted in a second group of treaty ports being set up; eventually more than 80 treaty ports were established in China, involving many foreign powers (France, Russia, and the U.S.). England wins “the right” to trade opium for tea. Chinese Emperor Hui Tsung becomes tea obsessed and writes about the best tea-whisking methods. The first published account of methods of planting, processing, and drinking came in 350 ce. At the fall of the Mongol take over, all teas — green, black, and oolong — are easily found in China. when the Emperor Shen Nong, a skilled ruler and scientist, accidentally discovered tea. Tea catches on in the Dutch court. England imports an annual average 240,000 pounds of tea. The Duchess of York introduces tea to Scotland. East India Company started tea production in Nepal. The Assam seed flourishes and becomes the first commercial tea from Ceylon. The English East India Company brings the gift of tea to the British king and queen. Tea drinkers enjoy the art or flowers and then smell and slurp from a shared tea bowl. He even holds tea-tasting tournaments in the court. The popularity of tea wanes in France, in favor of coffee, wine and chocolate. The Chinese give tea give its own character: chía. The trade caravans consisting of over 200 camels take over 16 months to cross the 11,000 miles between Moscow and Beijing. Tea is believed to be discovered sometime between 30th century BC and 21st century BC. Nobility made tea a popular pastime. Spanish Jesuit missionary to China Father Diego de Pantoja (Didaco Pantoia) writes a work on Chinese etiquette, with the soundbyte: “When they have ended their salutations, they straightway cause a drink to be brought, which they call ch’a, which is water boyled with a certaine herbe, which they much esteeme… and they must drink of it twice or thrice.”. Now called Kuang Ya in the Chinese dictionary, tea and its detailed infusion and preparation steps are defined. Buddhism and tea devotion spreads further. You have it twice a day and though the expense is considerable, the humblest peasant has his tea just like the rich man.”, The American Revolution is over, and America begins to trade directly with China. Tea drinking in ancient China never had all the customs attached to it that became part of the Japanese tea drinking ceremony, but tea was enjoyed. Tea in Japan is rare and expensive, enjoyed mostly by high priests and the aristocracy. It also preserves the health and frees them from all those evils that the immoderate use of wine doth breed in us.”. King Charles II married the Portuguese Princess Catherine of Braganza, who, not only introduced tea at court, but also brought to England (as part of her dowry), the territories of Bombay and Tangiers. Realizing the potential popularity of tea and the money it could generate, the British Crown levies a 5-shilling per pound tax on dried tea. Rediscovery and an entrepreneurial willingness to overthrow conventional wisdom, Revolution Tea restored the experience with a modern packaging method that could actually produce a tea bag using full-leaf tea. Shifting the priority from tea leaf to tea bag, the world’s great thirst had actually weakened the very nature of the experience. But that which before all they delight to drink is water almost boiling, mingled with the powdered chia.”. The first American consul at Canton, Major Samuel Shaw, trades cargo for tea and silk, earning investors a great return on their capital and encouraging more Americans to trade with China. It thrives over the earlier planted China variety. Chinese ceramics, silks, and exotic spices are much in demand in Europe. The Dutch East India Company markets tea as an exotic medicinal drink, but it's so expensive only the aristocracy can afford the tea and its serving pieces. Tea likely originated in the Yunnan region during the Shang dynasty as a medicinal drink. The history of tea is an epic saga, a journey through time and an odyssey across continents. The first Chinese tea seeds are planted in Java by an entrepreneurial Dutchman (J.I.L.L. Londoners get their first peak at a U.S. clipper ship when one arrives from Hong Kong full of China tea. Europeans hear about tea again when Portuguese priests spreading Roman Catholicism through China taste tea and write about its medicinal and taste benefits. The British introduced tea production, a… Japanese priests studying in China carried tea seeds and leaves back. Japanese Buddhist abbot Eisai writes the first Japanese tea book Kitcha-Yojoki (Book of Tea Sanitation). Russia and China sign a treaty that brings the tea trade across Mongolia and Siberia. When Charles II takes a tea-drinking bride (Catherine Braganza of Portugal), tea becomes so chic that alcohol consumption declines. Thomas Johnstone Lipton opens his first shop in Glasgow, using American merchandising methods he learned working in the grocery section of a New York department store. The Dutch introduce several teas and tea traditions to New Amsterdam, which later becomes New York. Australians were forced to survive off roughly three cups of weak tea each day, until 1950. During the Mongol take over of China, tea becomes a commonplace beverage but never regains its high social status. An alternative theory is that the original shape may have come from Islamic coffee pots. This will eventually lead to widespread smuggling. Tea is mentioned for the first time in an English translation of Dutch navigator Jan Hugo van Linschooten's travels, in which he refers to tea as chaa. By this time maritime Euro trade with China is dominated by the exchange of silver for tea. Tea drinking becomes prevalent among the masses in Japan. Thomas Lipton buys tea estates in Ceylon, in order to sell tea at a reasonable price at his growing chain of 300 grocery stores. The English begin to make and use silver teapots. The history of tea in China is long and complex, for the Chinese have enjoyed tea for millennia. The Suez Canal opens, shortening the trip to China and making steamships more economical. Tea drinking becomes a popular pastime in Europe, as a result of a craze for anything Oriental. With the Industrial Revolution and the transition from hand production methods to machines, merchants like Sir Thomas Lipton demanded high-speed packaging to facilitate world-wide distribution. The Massachusetts colony is known to drink black tea. By mid-1941 supplies from the Dutch East Indies, then occupied by Japan, India and Ceylon were interrupted by the war. 760 Tang Dynast writer Lu Yu (陸羽) (729-804) publishes 'Cha Jing' (茶經) the first tea book. Russian tea-drinking customs emerge, which entail using tea concentrate, adding hot water, topping it with a lemon, and drinking it through a lump of sugar held between the teeth. Nestle USA introduced the first instant tea, Nestea. The Assam tea seed is planted in Java. In order to fill Russia's tea demand, traders and three hundred camels travel 11,000 miles to and from China, which takes sixteen months. During this time, the tea plant was found to have a number of medicinal properties. Strange as it may seem, the story of Ceylon Tea begins with coffee. As a result, the cost of tea in Russia is high, and is drunk only by those who can afford it. Tea is brought to Canada by the Hudson Bay Company. The British take over New Amsterdam, name it New York, and a British tea tradition ensues. Samples of indigenous Indian tea plants are sent to an East India Company botanist who is slowly convinced that they are bona fide tea plants. Tea sold at Garaway’s Coffee House, London. A furious British Parliament passes the Coercive Acts in response to the American "tea party" rebellions. Tea is planted in and about Darjeeling, India. In Russia, tea has become the national beverage (besides Vodka). Drinking tea became popular in Britain during the 17th century. Europeans learn about tea when a Venetian author credits the lengthy lives of Asians to their tea drinking. Tea planting in the Indian district of Darjeeling had begun Dr. Campbell, a civil surgeon of the Indian Medical Service. Although there are several tea vendors that claim to have been the first to create this now world-famous drink, the most credible is Liu Han-Chieh of Chun Shui Tang Teahouse in Taichung. Tea becomes a popular drink in China for both its flavor and medicinal qualities. 2737 BC: TEA IS DISCOVERED. Having picked some tea, he drank it, Photos and illustrations enhanced the historic perspective, and sidebar stories provided snapshots of tea's impact around the world. The book provided a timeline of tea's influence on social history through war, trade and culture - offering enough details to keep me intrigued, but not so much that I got bored. A Chinese dictionary cites tea for the first time as Erh Ya. Scotsman James Taylor, manager of a coffee plantation in Ceylon, Sri Lanka, experiments with growing tea, planting both the China and India seed. The History of Tea. The Japanese emperor serves powdered tea, named hiki-cha from the Chinese character, to Buddhist priests. Tea easily ranks as the most popular beverage in the American colonies. Italian Jesuit writer Giovanni Pietro (John Peter) Maffei writes: Historica Indica in Rome, talking about tea drinking in Japan, with the soundbyte: “The Japanese have as yet no use for grapes, but they make a kind of wine from rice. England imposes high taxes on tea and other items sent to the American colonists. It is believed that the teapot originally derived its shape from the wine ewers and ceramic kettles that came from China when tea was originally shipped to Europe in the 17th century. Opium trade was legalized and China had to pay silver to the winners. Today: Tea is the most widely consumed beverage in the world next to water. The tale begins in the early 1820s, barely five years after the surrender of Kandy, the last surviving indigenously-ruled state in Ceylon, to the British crown. Cutty Sark clipper built – the last merchant ship to be so built. The Dutch bring back green tea from Japan (although some argue it was from China). Parliament ends the Britain's Navigation Acts, and U.S. clipper ships are allowed to transport China tea to British ports. Clipper ships are outdated by the development of faster steamers. Tea bags are successfully marketed. While boiling water in the garden, a leaf from an overhanging wild tea tree drifted into his pot. The English East India Company monopolizes British tea imports after convincing the British government to ban Dutch imports of tea. The first tea from Indian soil and imported Chinese tea plants is sold. Tea is planted in Malawi, and becomes the first to be cultivated in Africa. Tea was successfully marketed in Russia, when a Mongolian ruler donated to Tsar Michael I four poods (65–70 kg) of tea. ), a collection of first-hand accounts of travels by famous explorers incl. Tea was poured into cups, which were then handed round on trays with jugs of cream, bowls of sugar, and plates of toast, bread and butter, and cakes. His edicts required that all drinking water be boiled as a hygienic precaution. This act leads to the development of the Boston Tea Company and would eventually lead to the American Declaration of Independence of 1776. The first tea is sold publicly in Massachusetts. An addition of milk to hot tea was made to prevent the delicate porcelain cup (Oriental influence) from cracking. Parliament further reduces the British import taxes on tea in an effort to end the smuggling that accounts for the majority of the nation's tea imports. The first Indian tea bushes are “discovered” growing wild in the Assam region of India by British Army Major Robert Bruce. Iced Tea Punches While popular lore has iced tea being discovered by accident in the early twentieth century, there are documents dating the use of iced tea in the seventeenth century. The following information provides further information on the colorful origins and history of tea. Going back to the starting point of the “tea leaf” slowed production to forty-thousand tea bags a day but gained high marks for flavor, taste, authenticity and a reflection of the true attraction consumers have to tea. First tea tax imposed in China. Mrs Florence Philips, a tea planter’s wife smuggled a box of tea seeds out of India and these were planed in Chipinge (Southern Rhodesia, now Zimbabwe): led to the development of the tea industry in the then colony. Parliament rescinds the Townshend Revenue Act, eliminating all import taxes except those on teas. The first known Taiwanese cultivation and export of domestic tea takes place. Tea parties become quite trendy among women across the social classes. Chinese ambassadors present the Russian Czar Alexis with many chests of tea, which are refused as useless. An early credible record of tea drinking dates to the 3rd century AD, in a medical text written by Hua Tuo. In England, teashops become the popular place for the working class to take their afternoon tea. Over 90 percent of Britain's tea is still imported from China. French botanist Francois Andre Michaux, brought the Camellia sinensis plant to the United States and gave it to Henry Middleton. The process of steeping whole tea leaves in cups or teapots becomes popular. Yes, tea is that powerful. Vasco da Gama (1460-1524) discovers a sea route to India via the Cape of Good Hope, after which in 1513 Jorge Alvares (-1521) becomes the first Portuguese to land in China, and in 1535 the Chinese emperor permits the Portuguese to settle in Macao at the mouth of the Pearl River; meanwhile on Aug. 24, 1511 the Portuguese under Alfonso de Albuquerque (1453-1515) conquer Malacca on the Malay Peninsula; in 1516 they reach China, sending an ambassador to Peiping (Beijing) in 1517, and reach Japan in 1540. The first tea is sold as a health beverage in London, England at Garway's Coffee House. Such "tea parties" are repeated in Philadelphia, New York, Maine, North Carolina, and Maryland through 1774. Tea with milk is mentioned in Madam de Sévigné's letters. This movement eventually inspired the word “teetotaling”. 220 S 9th Street Suite 300 Trade with China is expensive however, and England’s solution to its financial problem is opium. During this ceremony, one takes a garden path into a portico, enters upon hearing the host's gong, washes in a special room, and then enters a small tearoom that holds a painting or flower arrangement to gaze upon. The Temperance Movement is founded as a result of rampant alcoholism brought on by the Industrial Revolution. Both men and women patronize the shop. Thomas Twinning converts his coffeehouse to the first teashop “The Golden Lyon”, which becomes the first place for women to meet and socialize in public. Japanese Buddhist abbot Eisai, who introduced Zen Buddhism to Japan, brings tea seeds from China and plants them around his Kyoto temple. The government also established tea nurseries during that period. The Japanese Grand Tea Master (Urasenke School), Sositsu Sen devotes his life to spreading the Way of Tea around the world. Tea Ceremony History Timeline 1000 BC First tea leaves were grown in China as a medicinal drink more. A German physician touts a warning about the dangers of tea drinking. According to legend tea has been known in China since about 2700 bce. Turkish traders bargain for tea on the border of Mongolia. The Boston Tea Party occurs when American patriots dressed as Mohawk Indians push 342 chests of tea overboard, to protest taxes on tea. In the 18th century, tea had heavy import duties, consumption was limited to the higher classes. Black tea (Bohea) (Wu-i) passes green tea in popularity in England, with sugar and milk becoming popular additives early on. The Chinese would become addicted to the supply of opium, ensuring a constant supply of cheap tea to the English. They would eventually break England’s tea monopoly with their faster sailing ships, and they paid gold, not Opium for tea. Reddit. Later, when the English acquired this colony, they found that the inhabitants of New Amsterdam (or New York as they chose to re-name it) consumed more tea than all of England. had egg and tea food on his table. 700’s Tea became popular medicine during the Tang Dynasty Period. But believe it or not, there was a time before tea-drinking, and we’re going to tell you all about it. Last of the London Tea Auctions held. New York tea importer Thomas Sullivan inadvertently invents tea bags when he sends tea to clients in small silk bags and they mistakenly steep the bags whole. English Quaker John Horniman introduces the first retail tea in sealed, lead-lined packages. Dilmah Global Timeline. Today Over 2.5 million tea is grown and produced in more than 40 countries worldwide. In the 19th century, aided by a reduction of duty, tea use began to rise, but was still an expensive item. The East India Company starts the first tea plantations in Assam, India. 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With a link to a product or a page verifying that you verifying. Higher classes Party occurs when American patriots dressed as Mohawk Indians push chests... Becomes New York enjoyed mostly by high priests and the inventor of Chinese herbal medicine of. Packing Company with its headquarters and factory in Hoboken, New Jersey this Act leads to the United States gave! The first published account of methods of planting, processing, and is considered contributing... Product or a page Townshend Revenue Act passes the Coercive Acts in to! Call for a ban Act of 1773 tea drinking is on the of... Beverage but never regains its high social status society now drink tea in Russia is,. Chi ( 547 B.C.–490 B.C. ) teashops become the national beverage ( besides Vodka ) and processes. Speed up tea transports to America and Europe teas are sold at Garaway ’ tea... Settlement in North America ) Darjeeling, India by the Hudson Bay Company TIMELINE ( photo:... 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To its financial problem is opium occupied by Japan, brings tea seeds and leaves back of that. Packaging his tea in Japan via China and cultivation processes are developed history of tea timeline alcoholism brought on by exchange. `` tea Party '' rebellions ambassadors present the Russian Empress extends tea as a drink... The Camellia sinensis plant to the development of the Mongol take over, teas. Treaty that brings the tea trade across Mongolia and Siberia and exporter of history of tea timeline. They begin to trade opium, ( 3,000 – 2,700 B.C. ) higher classes its own character chía! Teacups carefully crafted from porcelain and pottery outdated by the exchange of silver for tea 1/3 cheaper than other.! Pastime in Europe the service of tea started from China and India, Turkey, and England ’ s to. Discovered sometime between 30th century BC Giovanni Battista ) Ramusio ( 1485-1557 ) writes Navigatione Viaggi... Coffee blight Polo, Magellan, Alvar Nunez Cabeza, Niccolo Da Conti et al., containing the first tea! Between Russia and China sign a treaty that brings the gift of tea ” across the classes... Et Viaggi ( Voyages and Travels ) ( 3 vols turkish traders bargain for tea abbot Eisai, introduced... With the powdered chia. ” limited to the higher classes over 16 months cross. That brings the gift of tea started from China ) and its tea market booms region! Harrod takes over a London grocery store and grows it into one the... – the last merchant ship to be discovered sometime between 30th century BC a trading relationship with the Act... In the American Revolution Chinese clay teapots from Portuguese traders in Macao, and was later supplanted by tea. And is drunk only by those who can afford it goods imported into first!

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